Pinguecula – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


What is a Pinguecula?

Pinguecula is a benign, mild, yellowish growth on the conjunctiva of the eye – the thin, clear skin that covers the outer cornea’s surface. It can be misunderstood as a corneal Pterygium.

These tiny growths could be considered cancerous, but they’re made up of protein, calcium, or fat deposits. Pinguecula is usually triangular or round in shape and has a slight incline. Extending outwards may cause irritation, dry eyes, and other symptoms.

What Causes Pinguecula?

The primary cause of the condition is sunlight exposure at excessive levels. Ultraviolet light damages the eyes and causes pinguecula to grow. It is more frequent to see it in people in the middle of the late stages of life.

The use of sunglasses can be helpful. However, pinguecula causes discomfort and can feel as if there’s something inside the eye that is bothering the patient. It can be a problem for younger people as well as children. However, it’s rarer in these groups of people than in older people. It can also cause dry eyes or exposure to wind and exposure to dust.

What Causes Pinguecula

Dust and debris can get in the eye and cause it to grow. Coverage glasses, sunglasses, and a hat can safeguard your eyes with pinguecula. If you see it on your face, don’t worry! It is a normal aging phase; most people will likely get one before 70.

Symptoms of Pinguecula

The most commonly observed signs caused by the break in the film of tears. The pinguecula causes a break in the film since it doesn’t spread evenly across the cornea and can be uncomfortable. Other symptoms you could expect are:

problem in eye

  • Dry eye symptoms like burning eyes, itching, stinging the feeling of something getting stuck inside the eye.
  • Vision blurred
  • Blood vessels not adequately functioning are located on the eye’s surface, making your eyes appear red.
  • Inflammation and swelling. Due to this, the eyes become more sensitive, leading to irritation and redness when exposed to the sun or wind.


In most cases, a pinguecula is not a condition that requires treatment. If it’s uncomfortable, your doctor may decide to treat it. The first option for treatment is to provide water to the eyes. These drops are referred to as artificial tears. They can assist in getting rid of any discomfort or sensation of a foreign body.

If your eyes are affected by swelling or redness, the eye doctor may recommend an infrequent course of eye drops. Containing steroids or topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. If the pinguecula has become inflammation-prone, your doctor might recommend an ice compress to treat it. It is done by soaking an eye in cold water, for example, a bowl of ice water, and putting it on your eyes.

treatment of pinguecula

Apply this cold treatment for about 20 minutes at least every 2 hours at a stretch. A doctor of optometry may recommend the removal of a pinguecula either for aesthetic reasons or when there are severe symptoms.

Your doctor may talk to you about the importance of wearing wraparound glasses or other eyewear to shield your eyes from sun and dust.


Sun exposure is a risk factor for the development of pinguecula; everyone should keep their eyes out to protect them from the sun. It helps to protect against eye problems, such as cataracts and cancer.

eye prevention

If you want to protect your eyes from the sun and other environmental hazards, consider the following measures.

a) Wearing wraparound sunglasses:

The wraparound glasses block the UV rays of 99-100. Wear them when you go outside or even in a vehicle, whether it’s raining, cloudy, or snowing out.

b) Wearing a wide-brimmed hat:

A wide-brimmed cap helps to block the sun’s harmful rays from the eyes and face.

c) Wearing protective eye gear:

Use safety goggles or other eye protection while working in dirty or dusty conditions.

Managing dry eyes:

When the Pinguecula is formed in the eye, it won’t disappear on its own. It’s important to remember that it won’t grow over your cornea, so there shouldn’t be any concerns about the bump growing larger. The only way to get rid of the eyeball-shaped bump is to perform surgery.

Does a pinguecula go away?

When the pinguecula is formed in the eye, it won’t disappear on its own. It’s important to remember that it won’t grow over your cornea, so there shouldn’t be any concerns about the bump growing larger. The only way to get rid of the eyeball-shaped bump is to perform surgery.


An eye doctor can diagnose the presence of a pinguecula by examining your eyes. It may include an examination of the eye using the help of a slit lamp. A slit lamp functions as a microscope with a light source that permits the healthcare professional to take an enlarged eye view.

Diagnosis of pinguecula

The test can help differentiate the pinguecula from a Pterygium (surfer’s eye) with similar symptoms. Pterygiums also grow on the cornea’s white, which can increase large enough to cover the cornea and impair vision. Certain pterygiums begin as a pinguecula.

While a pinguecula may not be cancerous, an exam by the eye doctor will determine other reasons for the growth in the eye. There are various types of eye cancer, such as an uncommon type of cancer called conjunctival malignant Melanoma.

Other reasons for growths on the eye that resemble pinguecula are the presence of a conjunctival foreign object. Something that has become stuck in the eye’s white or nodular scleritis, a kind that causes inflammation.

Home Treatments

The following home remedies can assist a person in managing those symptoms associated with pinguecula;

  • Utilizing OTC artificial tear drops to help keep eyes moist and ease minor discomfort
  • using an eye ointment if artificial tears aren’t sufficient
  • changing to glasses, wearing glasses if contact lenses contribute to pain or irritation in the eyes

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